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Xi Jinping leads China's drive toward rural modernization

2022-12-24 14:45:00 Source:Xinhua Author:
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China has embarked on a fast track of development in pursuing the modernization of agriculture and rural areas thanks to the persistent and concerted efforts mobilized and guided by the Chinese leadership with Xi Jinping at its core.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 2012, the CPC Central Committee, with Xi at its core, has attached great importance to work related to agriculture, rural areas, and farmers. They have led people all over the country to develop agriculture, improve the living environment in rural areas and enrich rural residents, making great achievements in the cause of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization.

From the perspective of coping with the world's profound changes unseen in a century, stabilizing agriculture and consolidating the foundation of agriculture, rural areas and farmers are the "ballast stones" for adapting to changing situations and breaking new ground, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, once noted.

HIGH-QUALITY, EFFICIENT AGRICULTURE

A typical example is grain production, which is the lifeline of food security, one of the most fundamental interests of China, the world's most populous country.

Faced with the fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic, the impact of extreme weather, and the price hike of agricultural materials, China again secured its people's rice bowls with a bumper grain harvest this year.

Data from the National Bureau of Statistics showed the country's grain output totaled 686.55 billion kg this year, up 3.7 billion kg compared to 2021. This year, the country has seen its grain harvest exceed 650 billion kg for the eighth consecutive year.

The harvest this year was hard-won as extreme weather posed great challenges. The rainy autumn in north China last year postponed the planting of one-third of its winter wheat, while the hottest summer since 1961, when China started to keep complete meteorological records, exerted pressure on the harvesting of China's main grain output.

To overcome difficulties, the CPC Central Committee has implemented a series of measures, such as keeping improving water conservancy infrastructure construction, stepping up the application and popularization of agricultural technologies, as well as fostering a high public awareness of supporting farming and food production.

Under Xi's leadership, China is also transforming its agricultural system with a greater focus on providing more high-quality farm produce and accelerating innovation in agricultural technology.

In April, when inspecting southern China's Hainan Province, Xi visited a local seed laboratory and approved of the province's efforts in exploring an innovative mode for agricultural science and technology to support and guarantee national food security.

If we Chinese people want to hold tight in hands our rice bowl, we must develop the seed industry on our own. Efforts must be made to realize self-reliance in seed technology and make sure that sources of seeds are under our own control. We must secure China's food supply with our own seeds, Xi said.

In the past decade, China has optimized its supply of agricultural products so as to meet people's demand for more diversified choices, with the country's plantation area of soybean and other oil-yielding crops expanding steadily and produce of high-quality rice and wheat becoming increasingly abundant.

So far, China's output of vegetables, fruits, tea, pork, mutton, poultry, eggs, and aquatic products ranks the highest globally.

The achievements resulted from China's push for modern agriculture, with more focus on both quantity and quality, innovation-driven farming, as well as green and low-carbon sustainable development.

From 2012 to 2021, the overall level of mechanization in plowing, sowing, and harvesting of crops had increased from 57.2 percent to 72 percent, and the contribution of technological advances to growth in agricultural production had been raised to over 61 percent.

In addition, China has improved the transfer of land-management rights. In 2021, the transfer of land management rights covered 37.1 million hectares, giving an appropriate and effective boost to the country's large-scale agricultural operation.

New types of agricultural operating entities, mainly family farms, farmers' cooperatives, and agricultural enterprises, have become an important force in promoting the development of modern agriculture. The number of social service organizations of various types has reached 1.041 million, help