HOME>Society/Life

CHINA KEY PHRASES

2019-08-14 18:14:00 Source:China Today Author:
【Close】 【Print】 BigMiddleSmall

本期我们继续介绍十九大报告“提高保障和改善民生水平,加强和创新社会治理”这一章。

 

Our column in this issue continues to focus on the chapter “Growing Better at Ensuring and Improving People’s Wellbeing and Strengthening and Developing New Approaches to Social Governance” of the report delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee at the 19th CPC National Congress.

 

提高就业质量和人民收入水平

 

就业是最大的民生。要坚持就业优先战略和积极就业政策,实现更高质量和更充分就业。大规模开展职业技能培训,注重解决结构性就业矛盾,鼓励创业带动就业。提供全方位公共就业服务,促进高校毕业生等青年群体、农民工多渠道就业创业。破除妨碍劳动力、人才社会性流动的体制机制弊端,使人人都有通过辛勤劳动实现自身发展的机会。完善政府、工会、企业共同参与的协商协调机制,构建和谐劳动关系。坚持按劳分配原则,完善按要素分配的体制机制,促进收入分配更合理、更有序。鼓励勤劳守法致富,扩大中等收入群体,增加低收入者收入,调节过高收入,取缔非法收入。坚持在经济增长的同时实现居民收入同步增长、在劳动生产率提高的同时实现劳动报酬同步提高。拓宽居民劳动收入和财产性收入渠道。履行好政府再分配调节职能,加快推进基本公共服务均等化,缩小收入分配差距。

 

Improving the Quality of Employment and Raising Incomes

 

Employment is pivotal to people’s wellbeing. We must give high priority to employment and pursue a proactive employment policy, striving to achieve fuller employment and create better quality jobs. We will launch vocational skills training programs on a big scale, give particular attention to tackling structural unemployment, and create more jobs by encouraging business startups. We will provide extensive public employment services to open more channels for college graduates and other young people as well as migrant rural workers to find jobs and start their own businesses. We must remove institutional barriers that block the social mobility of labor and talent and ensure that every one of our people has the chance to pursue career through hard work. We will improve mechanisms for joint discussion and mediation involving government, trade unions, and employers in an effort to ensure harmonious labor relations.

 

We will continue to follow the principle of distribution according to one’s work while improving our institutions and mechanisms for distribution based on factors of production, so as to make income distribution fairer and more orderly. We will encourage people to make their money through hard work and legal means. We will expand the size of the middle-income group, increase income for people on low incomes, adjust excessive incomes, and prohibit illicit income. We will work to see that individual incomes grow in step with economic development, and pay rises in tandem with increases in labor productivity. We will expand the channels for people to make work-based earnings and property income. We will see that government plays its function of adjusting redistribution, move faster to ensure equitable access to basic public services and narrow the gaps in incomes.

 

加强社会保障体系建设

 

按照兜底线、织密网、建机制的要求,全面建成覆盖全民、城乡统筹、权责清晰、保障适度、可持续的多层次社会保障体系。全面实施全民参保计划。完善城镇职工基本养老保险和城乡居民基本养老保险制度,尽快实现养老保险全国统筹。完善统一的城乡居民基本医疗保险制度和大病保险制度。完善失业、工伤保险制度。建立全国统一的社会保险公共服务平台。统筹城乡社会救助体系,完善最低生活保障制度。坚持男女平等基本国策,保障妇女儿童合法权益。完善社会救助、社会福利、慈善事业、优抚安置等制度,健全农村留守儿童和妇女、老年人关爱服务体系。发展残疾人事业,加强残疾康复服务。坚持房子是用来住的、不是用来炒的定位,加快建立多主体供给、多渠道保障、租购并举的住房制度,让全体人民住有所居。

 

Strengthening the Social Security System

 

We will act on the policy requirements to help those most in need, to build a tightly woven safety net, and to build the necessary institutions, as we work to develop a sustainable multi-tiered social security system that covers the entire population in both urban and rural areas, with clearly defined rights and responsibilities, and support that hits the right level. We will work to see that everyone has access to social security. We will improve the basic pension schemes for urban employees and for rural and non-working urban residents, and quickly bring pension schemes under national unified management.

 

We will improve the unified systems of basic medical insurance and serious disease insurance for rural and non-working urban residents, and improve unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance. We will establish a unified national platform for social security public services. We will promote the coordinated development of the social assistance systems for urban and rural residents, and improve the subsistence allowances system.

 

We must adhere to the fundamental national policy of gender equality, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of women and minors. We will improve our systems for social assistance, social welfare, charity, and entitled groups’ benefits and services. We will improve the system for supporting and caring for children, women, and elderly people left behind in rural areas. We will develop programs for people with disabilities and work to provide better rehabilitation services for them.

 

We must not forget that housing is for living in, not for speculation. With this in mind, we will move faster to put in place a housing system that ensures supply through multiple sources, provides housing support through multiple channels, and encourages both housing purchase and renting. This will make us better placed to meet the housing needs of all of our people.

 

Share to:

Copyright © 1998 - 2016

今日中国杂志版权所有 | 京ICP备:0600000号

Chinese Dictionary