New Report Shows China's Improved Gender Equality in Education, Employment, Political Participation
China has witnessed progress in gender equality during the past decade regarding improved education, increased employment opportunities, better respect within the family and more political participation for its women, according to a government survey report on October 21.
The survey was conducted by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) and the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) last December. It is the third national survey following ones in 1990 and 2000.
"According to the latest survey, improvements in Chinese women's social status has occurred in all aspects including health and economic conditions, education and social management," said ACWF vice chairwoman Song Xiuyan.
In terms of education, the survey shows that women aged 18 to 64 are educated for 8.8 years on average, an increase of 2.7 years compared with that of 2000.
Among the surveyed, 33.7 percent of women have received high school education and above, while 14.3 percent have received college education and above, 10.4 percentage points higher than that of a decade ago.
The survey also shows 71.1 percent of women aged 18 to 64 are employed, mostly in the country's primary and tertiary industry.
As regards to their family status, the survey shows that 85.2 percent of women are moderately or very satisfied.
More than 72 percent of wives play a role in decision-making in household production and management and 74.7 percent in investment or loans concerning the family.
More women have participated in politics, with 83.6 percent of rural women having voted to elect a village head in the past five years, a jump of more than 10 percentage points since the last survey.
A total of 18.3 percent of women took initiatives to raise suggestions in their companies, communities and villages, higher than the 15.1 percent a decade ago.
The survey data also indicates 92.9 percent of women are concerned about "major domestic and foreign affairs, with 54.1 percent of women being involved in democratic supervision."
China now has eight women in its top leadership, including State Councilor and CPC Central Committee Political Bureau member Liu Yandong, said Song Xiuyan.
Gender equality is a basic state policy of China and has been written into the 2005 amended Law on Protection of Rights and Interests of Women, Song added.
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