Editor’s note: In this column we introduce phrases frequently used in the Chinese media and by the Chinese government, thereby providing a succinct overview of China’s political thinking, its policies, and ongoing reforms and transitions.  






Improving global economic governance


The goal of improving global economic governance is, in our view, to transform economic globalization into a balanced, win-win process that bring benefits to all. The process has to be balanced so as to accommodate the needs of both developed and developing countries, and address their concerns. It should ensure that real results and benefits will accrue to all countries and their people. It should be a win-win game in which the interests and development needs of individual countries are interlocked and coordinated. Global economic governance requires the participation of all countries, in particular enhanced representation of, and a bigger say for emerging-market and developing countries.






A new model of international relations


On September 28, 2015, Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke for the first time at the United Nations Headquarters. He elaborated to an international audience his concept of building a new model of international relations based on cooperation for the benefit of all.


He said: “We should renew our commitment to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, build a new model of international relations based on cooperation for the benefit of all, and create a community of shared future for mankind.” He called on the international community to build partnerships based on equality, consultation and mutual understanding, to create a security architecture that is fair, just, and shared by all, to pursue open, innovative, and inclusive development that benefits all, to increase inter-civilizational exchanges that promote harmony in diversity and are mutually enriching, and to encourage ecological conservation and protection, putting Mother Nature and green development first.


Building a new model of international relations is China’s answer to tackling the key issues crucial to the future of humankind, such as peace and development. A focus on cooperation in search of win-win solutions embodies China’s commitment to world peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy, and freedom – values cherished by humanity and representative of the lofty mission of the United Nations.








Peaceful development


The concept of peaceful development is underpinned by a focus on seeking peaceful development with the help of a peaceful international environment while also contributing to the maintenance of world peace through our own development initiatives; relying on our own efforts, particularly through reform and innovation, to achieve progress while also opening wider to the rest of the world and learning from the experiences of other countries; adapting to the process of economic globalization and seeking mutual benefits for all; and working with the international community to bring lasting peace, prosperity, and harmony to the world.


China’s commitment to peaceful development is unshakable, and we encourage all other countries to do the same. We will take on more international responsibilities, work with other countries to uphold humanity’s best interests and international norms, and stand for justice in regional and international affairs. International disputes should be resolved by peaceful means. Never seeking hegemony or pursuing an expansionist foreign policy ourselves, we oppose all forms of hegemony and power politics. It is our consistent position to encourage the search for win-win solutions that take into account the interests of other countries as well as those of our own, and are beneficial to all. It is essential to foster cooperative interaction among members of the world community.


As China’s experience of reform and opening up over the past 30-odd years shows, the pursuance of peaceful development has been a crucial strategic move that is based on the considerations of China’s national conditions, social system, and cultural traditions. It represents a timely response to today’s imperatives and serves the fundamental interests of China, and those of its neighbors and the rest of the world.


Selected from Keywords to Understanding China published by China Academy of Translation and China International Publishing Group.