Editor’s note: In this column we present to you the phrases used every day in the media and by the Chinese government, so providing a succinct overview of China’s political thinking, its policies and ongoing reforms and transitions.  






Developing a new model of major-country relations between China and the United States


At his meeting with President Barack Obama of the United States at the Annenberg Retreat in California in June 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed building a new model of major-country relations. This new model, in his words, constitutes three principles: (a) no conflict or confrontation, which is a prerequisite; (b) mutual respect, which provides the basis for healthy major-country relations; and (c) mutually beneficial cooperation, which provides the means to make this vision a reality.






China-Africa comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership


Speaking at a summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), President Xi Jinping of China outlined China’s policy towards Africa and proposed that the new type of China-Africa strategic partnership be upgraded to a comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership. The partnership is underpinned by five major pillars, namely, political equality and mutual trust; mutually beneficial economic cooperation; cultural exchanges; security cooperation and mutual assistance; and solidarity and coordination in international affairs. The vision for an upgraded partnership reflects China’s desire to forge relations with Africa based on sincerity, real results, friendship and good faith, and to serve the greater good.






Upgrading the China-EU comprehensive strategic partnership


China and the European Union are two influential players on the international stage and two major markets. They moreover represent two major civilizations. Against the backdrop of growing multi-polarity, economic globalization, increasing cultural diversity, and greater democracy in international relations, Sino-EU cooperation assumes greater importance as a strategic model for the rest of the world, shaping the balance of power in international relations, and promoting world peace and development.


In his address to the College of Europe in Bruges in April 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed building a bridge of peace and stability linking the two influential players; a bridge of growth and prosperity linking the two big markets; a bridge of reform and progress linking the reform processes in China and the EU; and a bridge of cultural prosperity linking the two major civilizations.






Building relations with neighboring countries based on friendship, good faith, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness


At the top of China’s foreign policy agenda is the need to build relations with neighboring countries based on friendship, good faith, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness. This is an issue of strategic importance. China and its neighbors share the aspiration to foster a stable and peaceful regional environment. Both logic and cultural affinity point to the wisdom of a good-neighbor policy. It is, therefore, China’s wish to build ties with neighboring countries on such a basis.


Selected from Keywords to Understanding China published by China Academy of Translation and China International Publishing Group.