Editor’s note: In this column we introduce phrases frequently used in the Chinese media and by the Chinese government, thereby providing a succinct overview of China’s political thinking, its policies, and ongoing reforms and transitions.  










The Four-Pronged Strategy


The Four-Pronged Strategy was first put forth by Xi Jinping during an inspection tour of Jiangsu Province in December 2014. The strategy calls for completing the process of building a moderately well-off society, pursuing an expanded in-depth reform agenda, implementing a comprehensive framework for promoting the rule of law, and launching an all-out effort to enforce strict Party discipline.


These four components of the strategy are mutually reinforcing. The completion of the process of building a moderately well-off society is the overall goal set by the CPC at its 18th National Congress. The pursuit of further reform and the promotion of the rule of law work side by side, like both wings of a bird or the two wheels of a chariot, to propel the country toward smooth realization of the goal. Efforts to strengthen Party discipline serve to ensure progress in all areas. The strategy provides an overall framework for the exercise of governance by China’s new central leadership.






The Overall Approach to Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics


Our overall approach to building socialism with Chinese characteristics is to promote economic, political, cultural, social and ecological progress. It is a holistic approach, with economic development as its central pillar and coordinated development in political, cultural, social, ecological and other areas pursued on the basis of continued economic growth.






The General Premise of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics


Socialism with Chinese characteristics is premised on the fact that China is in the primary stage of socialism. All reform initiatives by the CPC and the Chinese government must be taken with due regard to present-day China’s actual context. Efforts to promote economic, political, cultural, social and ecological progress must proceed on a clear understanding that China is still in the primary stage of socialism. Such an understanding should inform all aspects of our work, including long-term planning and day-to-day operations, even when our economic aggregates have shown clear improvement.






The Overarching Goals of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics


The overarching goals of socialism with Chinese characteristics are to bring about socialist modernization and the great renewal of the Chinese nation. Since its founding, the CPC has made it its historic mission to strive for national renewal. The objectives of revolutionary struggles, and economic development and reform efforts by the Chinese people under the leadership of the CPC have been none other than to secure a better life for the people, bring prosperity to the country, and bring about national renewal. Along the same lines, China’s modernization strategy calls for building a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious.


Selected from Keywords to Understanding China published by China Academy of Translation and China International Publishing Group.