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Answers to President Xi Jinping’s Three Questions on Poverty Reduction

2017-03-15 09:11



China’s poverty alleviation program is entering its most critical stage. At the end of 2015, Xi Jinping raised at the Central Work Conference on Poverty Alleviation the three questions: Whom shall we support? Who will act? What action should be taken? At the so-called “two sessions” of 2017, deputies to the NPC and members of the CPPCC from all over the country and all walks of society gave their answers to these “three questions,” as well as their plans on this regard for the coming year.  


Q1: Whom shall we support?

ZHANG Qingwei   

NPC deputy, Governor of Hebei Province

We’ll give priority to less privileged groups such as seniors living alone, the disabled, chronic disease sufferers, and people on low incomes.


XU Dazhe       

NPC deputy, Governor of Hunan Province

We’ll ensure the livelihood of about 450,000 impoverished people who have lost their working capability.


XIAN Hui        

NPC deputy, Chairman of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

We’ll accurately identify those living under the poverty line, establish files for each one of them, and keep track of their situation.


BU Xiaolin     

NPC deputy, Chairperson of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

We must lift 200,000 people out of poverty, and ensure that 14 regional-level poverty-stricken counties and three national-level poverty-stricken countries can cast off poverty.


LOU Yangsheng    

NPC deputy, Governor of Shanxi Province

We must lift 14 impoverished counties out of poverty, and relocate 120,000 people living in poverty to places with a more amenable living environment


ZI Guiju 

NPC deputy, farmer

I used to do embroidery for myself, but now I lead my fellow women villagers in doing embroidery for a better life.



Q2: Who will act?

RUAN Chengfa      

NPC deputy, Governor of Yunnan Province

We must cooperate with and learn from developed regions such as Shanghai municipality and Guangdong Province.


LI Guoying    

NPC deputy, Governor of Anhui Province

We’ll further better the system of dispatching poverty-alleviation working teams to villages, and encourage enterprises to help as many as 1,000 villages cast off poverty.


WANG Wei    

CPPCC member, Chairman of Guizhou Xingwei Group

Entrepreneurs can extend their businesses to rural areas to help impoverished people while at the same time gaining new development momentum.


YU Guowei    

NPC deputy, Governor of Fujian Province

We’ll improve the civil participation mechanism of the poverty reduction program to include enterprises in lifting impoverished villages out of poverty.


YIN Li        

NPC deputy, Governor of Sichuan Province

We should pair each impoverished village with a member of county-level leadership, a company, and an agricultural technician.   


ZONG Licheng       

CPPCC member, General Manager of Shandong Qingzhou Yaowang Pharmaceutical Factory

The government should encourage investment of private capital in the education sectors of less developed areas.



Q3: What Action should be taken?

SUN Zhigang 

NPC deputy, Governor of Guizhou Province

We’ll complete relocation of 750,000 impoverished people as well as 3,500 remote villages or stockaded villages to places more suitable for human habitation in 2017.


LUO Yunlian 

NPC deputy, CPC Secretariat of Gulu Village of Sichuan Province

Transportation infrastructure remains the bottleneck to eradicating poverty.


ZHU Yongxin 

Member of the CPPCC Standing Committee, Vice Chairman of China Association for Promoting Democracy

Vocational education is an effective solution to halting the intergenerational transmission of poverty.


CHI Fulin       

CPPCC member, Director of China Institute of Reform and Development

Supply-side structural reform in the agricultural sector should meet consumers’ demand for green, safe agricultural products.


DAI Xiuying   

CPPCC member, Director of Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

We should establish an info-tracking system to identify people who have fallen back into poverty due to serious or chronic diseases.


XIAO Yan        

CPPCC member, General Manager of Kunming Fubao Cultural City

It’s suggested to promote the rice-fish symbiosis mode which succeeded in Honghe Prefecture of Yunnan Province and blazed a way in combining environmental protection and poverty reduction.



(Source: China Development Gateway)