17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China
Historical Evolvement of Theoretical Innovation

Mao Zedong Thought: First Theoretical Evolvement of Marxism in China
As the main representative for Chinese Communists, Mao Zedong integrated the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism into China's revolution and construction; and created Mao Zedong Thought. This is the first theoretical leap achieved by integrating Marxism-Leninism with a country's true conditions.

During the initial period of Great Revolution, although the party had not yet formed an ideological and theoretical system; it gradually raised basic issues on China's democratic revolution, and developed anti-imperialist revolutionary principles. The party also acquired an understanding of the true nature of Chinese society, the nature of the Chinese revolution and its goals, motive and prospects for the revolution. Mao Zedong Thought began to sprout.

During the Agrarian Revolutionary War period, with Mao Zedong as representative, Chinese communists came from the countryside; successfully surrounded the cities; and seized power through armed struggle. Mao Zedong demonstrated a new, theoretical road for the Chinese revolution, stressing "indoctrination and the integration of Marxism into the actual conditions of China."Mao Zedong Thought was officially formed.

From the latter part of the Agrarian Revolutionary War (post-Zunyi Conference), to the War of Resistance against Japan, Chinese communists, represented by Mao Zedong, summed up the experience of the Chinese revolution and war; and critically analyzed the mistakes of dogma. In particular, they revealed the basic theories, route and principles of a new democratic revolution; and explained the Party's polices and strategies during democratic revolution. Mao Zedong Thought started to mature. In 1945, the Seventh National Party Congress took Mao Zedong Thought as the Party's guiding ideology.

After the War of Liberation and the founding of new China, with Mao Zedong as representative, Chinese communists emphasized the theory of democratic rule, the theory of socialist transformation, and the basic strategy of socialism construction. They named tasks in the second integration of Marxism-Leninism with the actual situation in China; and explored a road suitable for China's socialism construction. Mao Zedong Thought continued its development.

Deng Xiaoping Theory: Second Theoretical Evolvement of Marxism in China
Since the Third Plenum of the 11th Central Committee, the Chinese Communists, with Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, have opened up a new period of socialist development and formed the route, principles and policies of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. They elaborated on building, consolidating and developing socialism in China; and achieved a second theoretical leap by integrating Marxism-Leninism with the actual conditions of China.

In 1978, Deng Xiaoping stressed that the entire Party should emancipate their minds; seek truth from facts; and unite as one. Later, the Party announced a new policy of reform and opening up, leading up to the most profound turning point in the Party's history. After the Third Plenum of the 11th Central Committee, the Party brought order to all fronts; and by gathering up past experiences, expanded on many theories and policies related to building socialism with Chinese characteristics. When the 12th Central Committee convened in 1982, Deng Xiaoping formally put forward the proposition of "building socialism with Chinese characteristics."Deng Xiaoping

Theory had taken shape.

After the 12th Plenum of the Party Central Committee, Deng Xiaoping closely focused on the fundamental issue of "what is socialism and how to build socialism;" and carried forward the initial stage theory and the "One center and two basic points "program. He also brought various philosophical, political, economic and scientific socialism theories and perspectives into the basic framework of Deng Xiaoping Theory.

In 1992, Deng Xiaoping answered some long-standing questions in his speeches delivered in southern China. In October, at the 14th Party Congress, the Party summarized the theory of "building socialism with Chinese characteristics "with the path of development, the stage of development, the fundamental task, and the driving force all in mind. The Deng Xiaoping Theory was then systemized. In 1997, the 15th CPC National Congress formally introduced the scientific concept of "Deng Xiaoping Theory"and put it into the Party Constitution. In 1999, Deng Xiaoping Theory was added to the Constitution.

Deng Xiaoping Theory inherited and developed Mao Zedong Thought within new historical conditions. As the result of the second theoretical leap from integrating Marxism-Leninism with the actual conditions of China, the development of Marxism in China and China's socialist modernization continued to advance.

"Three Represents"Thought: Third Theoretical Evolvement of Marxism in China

Since the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th Party Congress, the Chinese Communists, with Jiang Zemin as the main representative, established the "Three Represents" in building socialism with Chinese characteristics.

The new central leadership elected at the Fourth Session of the 13th Party Congress decided to strengthen the Party by making it a clean and honest administration; opening and developing the Shanghai Pudong area; and well-prepared for the next development period in China's socialist moderation drive.

In 1992, the 14th Party Congress made three decisions: first, seize the opportunity to accelerate development; second, clarify the goal of China's economic reform as "establishing a socialist market economic system;" third, establish "Deng Xiaoping's construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics" within the Party. During the five years following the 14th Party Congress, the CPC Central Committee emphasized major issues concerning the nation's current status such as establishing a socialist market economy and promoting Party building.

The 15th CPC National Congress, held in 1997, established Deng Xiaoping Theory as the guiding ideology of the Party; revealed the primary stage of socialism construction; and affirmed China's cross-century development goals and tasks. To implement the spirit of the 15th CPC Central Committee, the central government initiated state-owned enterprise reform; and began to rule the country according to law and virtue, as well as revitalize the country through science, education and sustainable development.

Since the Fourth Plenary Session of 13th Party Congress, with Jiang Zemin as the representative, the Chinese Communists have brought together "Three Represents" Thought. In November 2002, the 16th CPC National Congress enshrined it into the Party Constitution; and recognized it as the Party's long-term guiding ideology and action framework. In 2004, it was added to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China.

"Three Represents" absorbed and further developed Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory. It represents the third theoretical evolvement of Marxism in China. Always adhering to the "Three Represents" is the foundation of the Party, the basis of its governance, and the source of strength.

Significant Strategic Thinking Since the 16th CPC National Congress: New Theoretical Evolvement of Marxism in China

Since the 16th CPC Congress, the CPC Central Committee, with Comrade Hu Jintao as General Secretary, has had a foothold in the development and changes in the domestic and international situation; and has continuously push forward theoretical innovation based on practical knowledge. The Party has successively fostered and implemented the concepts of scientific development; building a harmonious socialist society; strengthening the Party's governing capacity and advancing nature; building a new socialist countryside; building an innovation-oriented country; establishing "Eight honors and eight disgraces; "adhering to the road of peaceful development; and building a harmonious world.

The essence of the scientific concept is development, and being people-oriented is at its core. The basic requirement is to strive for comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development. The fundamental approach is to plan together and take every aspect into consideration. This is the strategic thinking of the Party determined by the new developmental era. It also reflects the global perspective and Marxist thought on development. This important guiding ideology can promote economic and social development; and accelerate the socialist modernization drive.




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